Individual cash credit


KISSAN CREDIT CARD (KCC)

Objectives/Purpose

Kisan Credit Card Scheme aims at providing adequate and timely credit support from the banking

System under a single window to the farmers for their cultivation & other needs as indicated below:

  • To meet the short term credit requirements for cultivation of crops
  • Post harvest expenses
  • Produce Marketing loan
  • Consumption requirements of farmer household
  • Working capital for maintenance of farm assets and activities allied to agriculture, like dairy animals, inland fishery etc.
  • Investment credit requirement for agriculture and allied activities like pump sets, sprayers, dairy animals etc.

Eligibility

Kisan Credit Card Scheme aims at providing adequate and timely credit support from the banking

System under a single window to the farmers for their cultivation & other needs as indicated below:

  • All Farmers – Individuals / Joint borrowers who are owner cultivators
  • Tenant Farmers, Oral Lessees & Share Croppers
  • SHGs or Joint Liability Groups of Farmers including tenant farmers, share croppers etc.

Fixation of credit limit/Loan amount

Marginal Farmers:

A flexible limit of Rs.10,000 to Rs.50,000 be provided (as Flexi KCC) based on the land holding and crops grown including post harvest warehouse storage related credit needs and other farm expenses, consumption needs, etc., plus small term loan investments like purchase of farm equipments, establishing mini dairy/backyard poultry as per assessment of Branch Manager without relating it to the value of land.

The composite KCC limit is to be fixed for a period of five years on this basis.

Wherever higher limit is required due to change in cropping pattern and/or scale of finance, the limit may be arrived at as per the estimation indicated at para 5.1 .

Other than Marginal Farmers:

The short term limit to be arrived for the first year: For farmers raising single crop in a year : Scale of finance for the crop (as decided by District Level Technical Committee) x Extent of area cultivated + 10% of limit towards post-harvest / household / consumption requirements + 20% of limit towards repairs and maintenance expenses of farm assets + crop insurance, PAIS & asset insurance.

Limit for second & subsequent year : First year limit for crop cultivation purpose arrived at as above plus 10% of the limit towards cost escalation / increase in scale of finance for every successive year ( 2nd , 3rd, 4th and 5th year) and estimated Term loan component for the tenure of Kisan Credit. Card, i.e., five years.

For farmers raising more than one crop in a year, the limit is to be fixed as above depending upon the crops cultivated as per proposed cropping pattern for the first year and an additional 10% of the limit towards cost escalation / increase in scale of finance for every successive year (2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th year). It is assumed that the farmer adopts the same cropping pattern for the remaining four years also. In case the cropping pattern adopted by the farmer is changed in the subsequent year, the limit may be reworked.

Term loans for investments towards land development, inor irrigation, purchase of farm equipments and allied agricultural activities. The banks may fix the quantum of credit for term and working capital limit for agricultural and allied activities, etc., based on the unit cost of the asset/s proposed to be acquired by the farmer, the allied activities already being undertaken on the farm, the bank’s judgment on repayment capacity vis-a-vis total loan burden devolving on the farmer, including existing loan obligations.

The long term loan limit is based on the proposed investments during the five year period and the bank’s perception on the repaying capacity of the farmer

Maximum Permissible Limit: The short term loan limit arrived for the 5th year plus the estimated long term loan requirement will be the Maximum Permissible Limit (MPL) and treated as the Kisan Credit Card Limit.

Fixation of Sub-limits for other than Marginal Farmers:

  • Short term loans and term loans are governed by different interest rates. Besides, at present, short term crop loans are covered under Interest Subvention Scheme/ Prompt Repayment Incentive scheme. Further, repayment schedule and norms are different for short term and term loans. Hence, in order to have operational and accounting convenience, the card limit is to be bifurcated into separate sub limits for short term cash credit limit cum savings account and term loans.
  • Drawing limit for short term cash credit should be fixed based on the cropping pattern and the amounts for crop production, repairs and maintenance of farm assets and consumption may be allowed to be drawn as per the convenience of the farmer. In case the revision of scale of finance for any year by the district level committee exceeds the notional hike of 10% contemplated while fixing the five year limit, a revised drawable limit may be fixed and the farmer be advised about the same. In case such revisions require the card limit itself to be enhanced (4th or 5th year), the same may be done and the farmer be so advised. For term loans, installments may be allowed to be withdrawn based on the nature of investment and repayment schedule drawn as per the economic life of the proposed investments. It is to be ensured that at any point of time the total liability should be within the drawing limit of the concerned year.
  • Wherever the card limit/liability so arrived warrants additional security, the banks may take suitable collateral as per their policy

Disbursement

The short term component of the KCC limit is in the nature of revolving cash credit facility. There should be no restriction in number of debits and credits. However, each instalment of the drawable limit drawn in a particular year will have to be repaid within 12 months. The drawing limit for the current season/year could be allowed to be drawn using any of the following delivery channels.

  • Operations through branch
  • Operations using Cheque facility
  • Withdrawal through ATM / Debit cards
  • Operations through Business Correspondents and ultra thin branches
  • Operation through PoS available in Sugar Mills/ Contract farming companies, etc., especially for tieup advances
  • Operations through PoS available with input dealers
  • Mobile based transfer transactions at agricultural input dealers and mandies.

Note : (e), (f) & (g) to be introduced as early as possible so as to reduce transaction costs of both the bank as well as the farmer.
6.2The long term loan for investment purposes may be drawn as per instalment fixed.

Loan Type

As the CC limit and the term loan limit are two distinct components of the aggregate card limit bearing different rates of interest and repayment periods, until a composite card could be issued with appropriate software to separately account transactions in either sub limits, two separate electronic cards may be issued

Validity / Renewal

  • The Kisan Credit Card should be valid for 5 years subject to an annual review.
  • The review may result in continuation of the facility, enhancement of the limit or cancellation of the limit / withdrawal of the facility, depending upon increase in cropping area / pattern and performance of the borrower.
  • When the bank has granted extension and/or re-schedulement of the period of repayment on account of natural calamities affecting the farmer, the period for reckoning the status of operations as satisfactory or otherwise would get extended together with the extended amount of limit. When the proposed extension is beyond one crop season, the aggregate of debits for which extension is granted is to be transferred to a separate term loan account with stipulation for repayment in instalments.

Rate of Interest (ROI):

ROI will be linked to Base Rate and is left to the discretion of the Banks. However, if Government supported interest subvention is provided for any component of the limit, the rate of interest may be fixed accordingly.

Repayment Period:

Each withdrawal under the short term sub-limit as estimated under (a) to (e) of para 3 above , be allowed to be liquidated in 12 months without the need to bring the debit balance in the account to zero at any point of time. No withdrawal in the account should remain outstanding for more than 12 months.

The term loan component will be normally repayable within a period of 5 years depending on the type of activity / investment as per the existing guidelines applicable for investment credit.

Financing banks at their discretion, may provide longer repayment period for term loan depending on the type of investment.

Margin

For crop loans, no separate margin need be insisted as the Margin is in-built while fixing the Scales of Finance. For term loan component, it will be in conformity with the guidelines of RBI from time to time.

Security

Security will be applicable as per RBI guidelines prescribed from time to time.

Security requirement may be as under:

  • Hypothecation of crops up to card limit of Rs. 1.00 lakh as per the extant RBI guidelines.
  • With tie-up for recovery: Banks may consider sanctioning loans on hypothecation of crops upto card limit of Rs.3.00 lakh without insisting on collateral security,.
  • Collateral security may be obtained at the discretion of Bank for loan limits above Rs.1.00 lakh in case of non tie-up and above Rs.3.00 lakh in case of tie-up advances.
  • In States where banks have the facility of on-line creation of charge on the land records, the same shall be ensured.

Other features:

Uniformity to be adopted in respect of following :

  • Interest Subvention/Incentive for prompt repayment as advised by Government of India and / or State Governments. The bankers will make the farmers aware of this facility.
  • The KCC holder should have the option to take benefit of Crop Insurance, Assets Insurance, Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS), and Health Insurance (wherever product is available and have premium paid through his KCC account). Necessary premium will have to be paid on the basis of agreed ratio between bank and farmer to the insurance companies from KCC accounts. Farmer beneficiaries should be made aware of the insurance cover available and their consent is to be obtained, at the application stage itself.
  • One time documentation at the time of first availment and thereafter simple declaration (about crops raised / proposed) by farmer from the second year onwards.
  • No Processing fee should be charged up to a card limit of Rs.3.00 lakh.
  • Farmers to be provided with KCC Short Term sub-limit cum SB account so as to allow credit balance in KCC-cum-SB accounts to fetch interest at savings bank rate. A separate folio needs to be maintained for the long term sub-limit until both the sub-limits are integrated through an electronic card with suitable software